Speckled Alder is a common, large, multi-stemmed wetland shrub, often forming dense thickets from root suckering as well as a process called “layering”, where low branches take root then detach from the mother plant and grow independently. Black Alder: Mostly found in Europe, this type of alder tree is known for its height. The Alnus Incana Subsp. and birch (Betula spp.) The currently accepted scientific name for speckled alder is Alnus incana (L.) Moench subsp. The alder is not a large tree, nor does it live for particularly long, but it has a fondness for water that few other trees can match. Older trees bark turn brown-speckled with horizontal striations and shallow fissures. Boxelder is not a recommended tree to plant in your yard but has desirable unique qualities to keep in the landscape as a beautiful tree specimen. When mature, the trees are pyramidal in shape and can reach heights of up to 70 to 100 ft. Tree identification guides usually tell what type of soil composition and the amount of sunlight individual species prefer. Explore {{searchView.params.phrase}} by color family {{familyColorButtonText(colorFamily.name)}} alnus incana 'aurea' catkins - alder tree stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images . This compendium is provided for reference and is not the only source of relevant information that may be considered when making decisions about tree species feasibility and suitability. Red alder is a deciduous broadleaf tree reaching various heights from 20 to 30 m (66 to 98 ft.) tall when mature. Description and Identification. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 30 m (99 ft) high. Other common names: Gray Alder, Hoary Alder, Tag Alder French names: Aulne rugueux Family: Birch Family (Betulaceae) Group: Alders Distinctive features: Shrub; Prominent lenticels (speckles) scattered all over the bark. The common dose of the liquid extract: (1:1 in 25% alcohol) is 2-5 mL three times daily. Some authorities give it the species name rugosa. Early spring flowers are interesting, but not really showy. Alder cones on the tree Extraction and storage. Similar species: • European Black Alder (Alnus glutinosa) - leaves are roundish and indented at the tips. Soil / Climate: Likes moist soils. Other common names: tag alder. These veins transport water from the soil up throughout the leaves.This water combines with sunlight and carbon dioxide collected by the leaf through a process known as photosynthesis. Show All Show Tabs hazel alder General Information; Symbol: ALSE2 Group: Dicot Family: Betulaceae Duration: Perennial: Growth Habit: Shrub Tree: … The cones should be stored in a plastic, wooden or metal container – like a biscuit tin or bread basket lined with plastic sheeting. Speckled alder is a smaller tree that is appropriate for planting under power lines. The white alder, Alnus rhombifolia, also called the California alder, is an inland tree of the Cascade and Sierra Nevada mountain ranges, closely related to but not often overlapping its more coastal cousin, the red alder (Alnus rubra). They can also be found in the Pacific Northwest. Sitka Alder: It has thin leaves and grows to about 25 feet in height at its full maturity. Durham Co., NC 11/3/02. The previous season's empty female "cones" remain on the tree during the winter and are also a good identification characteristic. —This shrub grows plentifully throughout the United States from Southern New England to the western border of the Great Lakes and. Alder can be regenerated by manual cutting with a chainsaw. The trees can live to 100 years of age with trunks from 36 to 46 cm in diameter. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are yellowish. They are sometimes used as shrubs for privacy or wind protection. southward. Speckled alder (Alnus incana ssp. It occurs as clumps or thickets, along the borders of streams, rivers, ponds, and in swamps, attaining a height of from 6 to 15 feet. PLANTS Identification Keys: Plant Materials Web Site : Plant Materials Publications: USDA Plant Hardiness Map : You are here: Home / Plant Profile General; Images; Synonyms; Classification; Wetland; Related Links; Alnus serrulata (Aiton) Willd. In low quality soil, the alder is a pioneer. Wake Co., NC 5/30/2011. Pender Co., NC 4/19/09. Northern shrub thickets are characterized by an overwhelming dominance of tag alder, which forms dense, often monotypic thickets with canopy coverage ranging between 40 and 95% and stand height typically ranging from one to three meters. Leaves alternate, simple, 1–5 inches long, 1½â€“2½ inches wide, broadest at or above the middle; margin with blunt or rounded teeth; upper surface dark green; lower surface dark green, somewhat hairy. Click 'SHOW MORE' for full video description, links to gear featured in the video, other associated videos and time stamps - Watch in HD. (It’s important to do such work in winter when the ground is frozen to avoid damaging the shrubs’ roots, digging deep ruts in the soil, and bogging down equipment.) An efficient way to refresh a large alder stand is to employ a tracked vehicle with a high-speed rotating head that chews the shrubs down. Smooth Alder, Hazel Alder, Common Alder, Tag Alder, Black Alder Alnus serrulata . Has an extremely rapid growth, typically 80 ft. tall in 25 years. It is an often multi-stemmed deciduous plant that can form impressive and seemingly impenetrable thickets. Botanical Source and History. The bark of the young trees is greyish-green and smooth. It requires full sun, soils that are acid or at least neutral, and copious moisture, preferring to grow on edges of ponds, streams, swamps, and sloughs. Speckled alder (Alnus rugosa) grows in sandy bottomland woods, along streamsides and seeps throughout northeast Iowa.Hardiness: Zones 3 through 6 Growth Rate: Fast Mature Shape: Small, thicket forming tree, with an open crown Height: 25-50 feet Width: 25-35 feet Site Requirements: Full sun to partial shade, wide range of soil Flowering Dates: March - May Eastern hemlock is a coniferous tree in the pine family (Pinaceae). Wood makes good indoor furniture and is a clean burning firewood. As they dry, the cones will open and release their tiny seeds. Images; Classification; Subordinate Taxa; Wetland; Related Links; Alnus incana (L.) Moench Show All Show Tabs gray alder General Information; Symbol: ALIN2 Group: Dicot Family: Betulaceae Duration: Perennial: Growth Habit: Shrub Tree: Native Status: AK N CAN N L48 N SPM N: Characteristics: … The genus Alnus (Alder) belongs to the birch family (Family Betulaceae). This genus is comprised of about 30 species of monoecious Alder trees (of which only a few reach a large size) and shrubs.. All Alder tree species are deciduous. Leaf-out occurs after flowering. Alder (Alnus spp.) Wake Co., NC 5/30/2011. The Red Alder is botanically called Alnus rubra. The Speckled Alder is also known as the Tag Alder and Gray Alder. • Green Alder (Alnus viridis) - leaves are not double-toothed. More information about Tag Alder may be found here.. Some trees, like alder, only like to grow in wet soil, whereas maple grow in many types of soil. Most commercial hardwood tree native to the Pacific Northwest. The container is placed somewhere warm. The root nodules of the Speckled Alder harbor naturally occuring nitrogen fixing bacteria, making it a good choice for disturbed site rehabilitation. They have flowers that are called catkins with elongated male catkins on the same plant as the shorter wider female catkins. The simple, alternate, toothed leaves have distinctive impressed parallel veins. Identification. Likes moist ground. Betulaceae . Flowers, fruits & seeds: Dangling male flower clusters, catkins, appear in fall and remain on the trees through winter. Within its root nodules live bacteria, Frankia alni, that feed on sugars produced by the tree. They are also useful as landscape specimens for gardeners in U.S. Department of Agriculture zones 2 through 11 and 2 through 9a for alder and birch, respectively. Alder grows in moist soils, along stream banks and wet meadows usually forming clumps or thickets. This series of descriptive tree identification signs includes as many as three common names, the scientific name, our staff artist’s sketch of a typical leaf and a brief description of the tree as well as common uses of the wood. COMMON NAMES: Tag alder, Red alder, Black alder, Smooth alder, Common alder. Browse 1,583 alder tree stock photos and images available, or search for ash tree or cypress tree to find more great stock photos and pictures. Zone 3-8. Smooth Alder; Tag Alder. The tree likes sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be sandy to loamy. Wake Co., NC 5/30/2011. are native North American trees, typically found grown along rivers and streams. Other trees, such as Black Locust, are very shade intolerant. Voss Signs® Tree Tags are printed on 4″ x 6″, medium (.070 gauge) tan plastic, with green print, 4 mounting holes and round corners. The fruits ripen in late fall. rugosa (Du Rois) Clausen . This tree may be difficult to find in local nurseries. It sports dark green, glossy leaves with finely toothed edges that are lighter green underneath. Male trees produce catkins and female trees produce cones which contain seeds inside that many birds love. These fast-growing trees often grow 1 meter per year until 20 years of age. The alder catkins (male and female flowers that occur on the same tree) form in the autumn. Leaf underside, showing the prominent straight veins. rugosa), also known as tag alder, gray alder, or hazel alder, is a member of the birch family, but it usually falls somewhere between a shrub and a tree (growing 10 to 25 feet tall). There are five other alder species in North America, and a lot of confusing nomenclature. If you look closely at a tree leaf, you'll notice a series of veins, just like the ones that carry blood through your body. Red Alder is also a nitrogen fixer; it will grow in infertile ground and make it more fertile. Compendium Index From BC Tree Atlas The Distribution and Synopsis of Ecological and Silvical Characteristics of Tree Species of British Columbia (2000) which was used as the basis for the tree species compendia. Hazel Alder is common small tree or large shrub of streamsides and wetlands. Tag alder is native to northeastern Canada, New England and the upper Midwest. Family: Betulaceae (birches) Description: Common alder is an irregularly shaped shrub or slender small tree up to 20 feet tall. Red Alder: This is the largest species that can grow to nearly 80 feet at its peak. Look out for trees that have odd identifying features. Leaves & stems: Young leaf growth is sticky to the touch. Trees with this type of bark refers that looks like white paper. Rugosa is commonly known as the European Speckled Alder, Gray Alder, Hazel Alder, Hoary Alder, Mountain Alder, Speckled Alder as well as Tag Alder.. Alder buckthorn is also available as a liquid extract. Full sun/partial shade. It is found in northeastern parts of the United States and the Great Lakes region, and in much of Canada. Mature Height/spread:15- 25 ft. high/ 15-25′ spread. The community exhibits a high degree of floristic homogeneity due to the dominance of alder. 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