On this third Sunday in Advent, we jump from Isaiah 40 to Ezra 1-3. PRAYER OF THE DAYGod of restoration, you brought your people home from exile and in their joy they rebuilt your temple. ... 1:1-4 (2-4) Gifts for Refurnishing the Temple: 1:5-11: 1:5-11: 1:5-6: 1:5-6: 1:7-10: 1:7-11: 1:11 * Although they are not inspired, paragraph divisions are the key to understanding and following the original author's intent. English Bible Dictionary | Arabic Bible Dictionary. 64 Yahweh stirs Cyrus, and he decrees God’s will (1:1-4 ). English Bible Search | Arabic Bible Search. We shall not meet Ezra till chapter 7.” (Kidner) Commentary on Ezra 1:1-4; 3:1-4, 10-13 View Bible Text . The hearts of kings are in the hand of the Lord. Bible commentary on the Book of Ezra, chapter 5, by Dr. Bob Utley, retired professor of hermeneutics. Perhaps without the person even being aware of it, God can insert thoughts into the person's mind to do what He wants him to do. 1 In the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, in order to fulfill the word of the Lord spoken by Jeremiah, a the Lord moved the heart b of Cyrus king of Persia to make a proclamation throughout his realm and also to put it in writing: . www.easyenglish.bible. we begin a new series on the books of Ezra and Nehemiah. He may have known this because of the arrival of King Cyrus in Babylon, a person we meet right off the bat in Ezra 1:1. After returning, the first thing to do, of course, is to build the altar, so that proper worship of God can begin as soon as possible. In fact, according to the Jewish canon, the decree of Cyrus is the very last verse in the Bible. The book sees this event as a moment of restoration, when Israel’s cult would be set in place “as prescribed in the law of Moses the man of God” (Ezra 3:2). Ezra 1:1-4 New King James Version (NKJV) End of the Babylonian Captivity 1 Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the Lord by the mouth of Jeremiah might be fulfilled, the Lord stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, so that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and also put it in writing, saying, The *Jews return to Jerusalem. Go home, loaded with blessings, and rebuild. 1. in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia—The Persian empire, including Persia, Media, Babylonia, and Chaldea, with many smaller dependencies, was founded by Cyrus, 536 B.C. 36:18). We shall not meet Ezra till chapter 7." 1 a In the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, b that the word of the Lord by the mouth of Jeremiah might be fulfilled, the Lord stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, so c that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom and also put it in writing:. Jeremiah’s “seventy years” prophecy (Jeremiah 25:11-12; 29:4-10) is a likely candidate, especially given the fact that it is referenced in other late biblical books (Daniel 9:2). • God is desirous that you and I know that we may have rock-solid confidence in His Word! Amen. The … While the Babylonians dominated other nation-states through violence and exile, Cyrus and the Persians conquered, but then gave great freedom to their vassals. On Advent 2, Jerusalem has fallen, and God spoke through Isaiah to the grieving people who fled or were exiled to Babylon (roughly modern-day Baghdad, Iraq). The preceding verses in Chronicles provide some additional information. Ver. Cyrus’ decree allowing Jews to return to their homeland and rebuild the temple is found not only in Ezra 1 but also in 2 Chronicles 36:22-23. We will hear echoes of this shift in next week’s text from Luke: As the priest Zechariah goes inside the holy sanctuary to offer the incense offering to God, it says that “the whole assembly of the people was praying outside” (Luke 1:10). On this third Sunday in Advent, we jump from Isaiah 40 to Ezra 1-3. Strengthening this connection is the fact that the words of praise voiced in Ezra 3:11 (“For he is good, for his steadfast love endures forever toward Israel”) are the same words voiced at the dedication of Solomon’s temple in 2 Chronicles 5:13. Cyrus is the one that makes the proclamation, but only after his spirit is stirred up by God, the ultimate Actor and Agent in this process. Ultimately, this is a story of redemption, but painful redemption; of return, but a return marked with grief; of rejoicing, but of a joy that is inextricably linked to the losses that came before. Gershom. There is a considerable chronological gap between our weekly Advent readings, significant enough that you may want to start this sermon by walking through the historical action we’ve covered in the past few weeks. ... Ezra 1:1-4. CalvaryTruths.com ccTheHarvest.com Jesus loves you! Ezra 1:1-4. Yet there is a distinct shift in the role of the people that starts to happen in books like Ezra and Nehemiah. 4:1 Ketika lawan > orang Yehuda > dan Benyamin > mendengar >, bahwa > orang-orang > yang pulang dari pembuangan > itu sedang membangun > bait suci > bagi TUHAN … Proclamation of Cyrus for Building the Temple. The restored altar reaches back beyond the veil of 587 BCE and establishes a line of continuity between the exiles’ return to the land and the two most important, promise bearing institutions of monarchic Israel: the temple and the palace. And finally, whereas Solomon’s temple was built while his kingdom was militarily strong (2 Chronicles 1:14-17), the new altar was established while this small band of Jews was still under threat (Ezra 3:3). The theory that he was the offspring of Ahasuerus and Esther, and was trained by Mordecai and Nehemiah, lacks all historical foundation. Though Jeremiah 29 is likely the passage that Ezra is alluding to most directly, there are several more passages that are relevant. The former glory of God’s presence and of the temple is lacking in this new iteration of the temple. Bible commentary on the Book of Ezra, chapter 1, by Dr. Bob Utley, retired professor of hermeneutics. Ezra 1:1-4. Far from being a merely religious act, the restoration of the altar was a complicated event with intertwining legal, political, and historical interests. Setting the Stage for the Story of Ezra. Ezra shows the event of the Pembangunan Yerusalem terhambat oleh perlawanan. The restoration of the altar reaches back not only to Mosaic law given at Sinai but also to the time when Solomon first established the altar at Jerusalem. In fact, according to the Jewish canon, the decree of Cyrus is the very last verse in the Bible. I. Now, the temptation may be to preach this as a story of one group ready for change and one group opposing it. Ezra 1, Coffman Commentaries on the Bible, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. Amen. St-Takla.org Image: Cyrus king of Persia announces that he will builds the house of the LORD God of Israel (Ezra 1:1-4) ... Commentary on Ezra - intro: Commentary on the Book of Ezra Matthew Henry's Bible Commentary. On this day, preachers would do well to allow their congregants space to honor the pain of what is lost as we await the fulfillment of the Messiah. The First Return and Rebuilding under Zerubbabel (chaps. In Nehemiah (1:1, 4, 2:9, 15) “I” is referring to Nehemiah. In the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, in order to fulfill the word of the LORD spoken by Jeremiah, … Which book of the Bible writes about Persia’s victory over Babylon? So it ceased unto the second year of the reign of Darius king of Persia." To what particular prophecy the verse refers is somewhat unclear. Divine demands and promises were attached to this institution, and its loss was nothing short of devastating. Whosoever remaineth in any place where be sojourneth, &c. — This seems to relate to such as were desirous to go up with their brethren, but were forced to stay behind for want of necessaries to support them in so long a journey. Cyrus Helps the Exiles to Return. (Daniel) What did Cyrus order in verses 1-4? In fact, according to the Jewish canon, the decree of Cyrus is the very last verse in the Bible. The opposition against this work was so intense that the Jews “ceased” construction for a … THE BOOK OF EZRA Commentary by Robert Jamieson . It was a weeping for the lostness of what once was, a grief for the pain of what had been. The narrative lectionary is a four-year cycle of readings Read more. Tuesday, August 23, 2016 at 10:02AM. Commentaries on the Belgic Confession and Canons of Dort. The Jews repulse the offer of a helping hand, and opposition ensues (4:1-24 ). Bible Maps. What the text calls “neighboring peoples” almost certainly included Jews who were left behind in the exile to Babylon, which 2 Kings 25:11-12 understands to be the poor of the land. But what good will a proper altar be if exposed too long to the elements? Ezra picks up the narrative about the rebuilding of the temple from 4:5. Ezra 4:24 "Then ceased the work of the house of God which [is] at Jerusalem. The proclamation which Cyrus, king of Persia, issued out for the release of all the Jews that he found captives in Babylon, and the building of their temple in Jerusalem . In the seventh month, the returnees set out to build “the altar of the God of Israel”, and thereby restart the cult’s proper function as a place of ritual and sacrifice (Ezra 3:1-3). The narrative lectionary is a four-year cycle of readings Read more. The decree of Cyrus is a deeply significant event in Persian period literature, because it signaled the restoration of God’s “house” (temple), which was the primary ritual means by which God was available to Israel. The First in a Series of Sermons on Ezra-Nehemiah. As they read about the rebuilding process they would have been made aware of the great personal sacrifices the Jews had made in constructing the temple. Derek Kidner observes, “It was not the last time that God’s mercy would shorten the days of trial (Matt. This may be especially enticing if you are undergoing a building project. An EasyEnglish Bible Version and Commentary (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of Ezra. A resource for the whole church from Luther Seminary. Cyrus made a decree giving the Jewish exiles in his empire the right to return to Jerusalem and rebuild the temple in 538 b.c. Unlike the dedication of Solomon’s temple, however, the glory of the Lord did not appear in dramatic form (2 Chronicles 5:13-14). In fact, in a moment of sheer humanity that cuts to the core of what it is to live on this side of the eschaton, Scripture records that the sound of the joyful shout could not be distinguished from the sound of the people’s weeping. Thus the second move of the leaders is to appoint Levites to supervise the building of the House of God, a task described beautifully in the NRSV as “making a beginning” in Ezra 3:8. Verse 10 shows the purpose of the Persian leader's second question. SHORT COMMENTARY ON EZRA. Understandably, tensions arose between returnees and inhabitants. What gives continuity to the past, present, and future, however, is the faithfulness of God. Cyrus (meaning “the Sun”) the King of Persia was, according to ancient historians, the son of Cambyses, Prince of Persia, and Mandam, daughter of Astyages, King of the Median Empire. An Exposition, With Practical Observations, of The Book of Ezra Chapter 1. But the book of Ezra’s accounting of this significant event is more than just the recounting of history. Issues related to governance, land ownership, religious observance, and resource sharing no doubt contributed to the tensions felt in this text. But what that future looks like is only beginning to emerge, and with mixed results. But I would urge you to resist. In fact, the sounds of praise and shouting mingled with weeping from those who had seen the temple in its former glory. (Read Ezra 1:1-4) The Lord stirred up the spirit of Cyrus. If Judah was taken captive by Babylon, why do we read here that Cyrus king of Persia is in charge? Cyrus’ decree allowing Jews to return to their homeland and rebuild the temple is found not only in Ezra 1 but also in 2 Chronicles 36:22-23. And what a proclamation it is! In fact, according to the Jewish canon, the decree of Cyrus is the very last verse in the Bible. 4. It was for the purpose of intimidation and fear directed towards the Jewish leadership (i.e., "head," BDB 1112). Ezra 1:1-4 King James Version (KJV) 1 Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the Lord by the mouth of Jeremiah might be fulfilled, the Lord stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and put it also in writing, saying, Ezra mentions a decree of King Artaxerxes given to Ezra. Ezra paves his narrative highway with a consistent flow of cause-effect sequences that generates a strong chronological primacy-effect. Those who had seen the temple in its former glory found it impossible to celebrate the new foundation, and indeed wept at the site of the diminished house of worship (Ezra 3:12). Commentary on Ezra 1:1-4; 3:1-4, 10-13 View Bible Text . Nehemiah gives us even more details on Ezra’s role within the people of Israel. Ezra 1 is the first chapter of the Book of Ezra in the Old Testament of the Christian Bible, or the book of Ezra-Nehemiah in the Hebrew Bible, which treats the book of Ezra and book of Nehemiah as one book. First, they describe a glittering festival, held in the ruins of the First Temple: priests arrayed in vestments, trumpets proudly proclaiming, Levites with clanging cymbals, and scores of people lifting up songs of praise. ... (Ezra 1:1-4) and once in Aramaic (Ezra 6:1-5). And whosoever remaineth in any place where he sojourneth] Heb. Deliver us from our personal and communal exiles, and help us to build up your church. It’s the kind that refugees don’t even dare dream about: go home. CHAPTER 1. The preceding verses in Chronicles provide some additional information. Who really decided that the people of Judah go back to the land and rebuild the temple? Exegetically, the story of Ezra begins with a powerful punch in Ezra 1:1, but it raises an immediate question: which word of Jeremiah was fulfilled? There is a considerable chronological gap between our weekly Advent readings, significant enough that you may want to start this sermon by walking through the historical action we’ve covered in the past few weeks. Commentaries; Dictionaries; Strongs; People; Ezra 1:1-4 The Proclamation of Cyrus. Cyrus made a decree giving the Jewish exiles in his empire the right to return to Jerusalem and rebuild the temple in 538 B.C. God is superintending or managing events on this earth. Pastor Chuck Smith teaches us a Bible Study on "True to His Word, Ezra 1:1-4" 24:22)” (Ezra & Nehemiah, Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries [IVP], p. 32). Ezra 1:1-4. The story of their rebuilding, especially Ezra 3, is one of the most poignant and moving texts in all of Scripture. Commentary on Ezra 1:1-4; 3:1-4, 10-13 View Bible Text . Perhaps without the person even being aware of it, God can insert thoughts into the person's mind to do what He wants him to do. Ezra 1:1-11 Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the Lord by the mouth of Jeremiah might be fulfilled, • God is zealous to protect the integrity of His Word. When He wants something done through a man, He interfaces with him. Second Chronicles 36:17-23 parallels Ezra 1:1-4, with verses 22-23 being an almost verbatim quotation of Ezra 1:1-4. 1-6) These chapters, besides telling the history of the period, must also have encouraged Ezra's original readers in their temple worship. When He wants something done through a man, He interfaces with him. Second Chronicles 36:17-23 parallels Ezra 1:1-4, with verses 22-23 being an almost verbatim quotation of Ezra 1:1-4. Most likely, the point of Ezra 1:1 wasn’t to link Cyrus to a specific text, but to the Jeremiah tradition in general, especially its promises of hope, return, and rebuilding. What can we learn about … The future, indeed, would not be the past. What does Ezra 1:4 mean? In fact, according to the Jewish canon, the decree of Cyrus is the very last verse in the Bible. “The greater part of this book, though it bears the name of Ezra, tells of the pioneers who came back from exile to Jerusalem a whole lifetime before him. Ezra 1:10 "Thirty basins of gold, silver basins of a second [sort] four hundred and ten, [and] other vessels a thousand." (Ezra 1:1-4 and Ezra 5:13-17). The greatness of Hi… Why would Cyrus even know about YHWH, much credit his kingdom to YHWH? Ezra 1:4 And whosoever remaineth in any place where he sojourneth, let the men of his place help him with silver, and with gold, and with goods, and with beasts, beside the freewill offering for the house of God that [is] in Jerusalem. He encouraged them to live life as normal—outside of a pesky little annual tribute and obeisance, now and then. The hopeful tone of Isaiah’s words have led some scholars to believe that Isaiah knew or could sense in the political climate an end to the exile and a return home. And this is in contrast to the Christian canon, which ends in Malachi 4, a text that expresses hope for Elijah’s return (Malachi 4:5-6). After the establishment of the altar came the laying of the temple foundation (Ezra 3:8-13), which was followed by responsive singing: “For he is good, for his steadfast love endures forever toward Israel” and shouts (Ezra 3:11). The LORD God of their fathers sent warnings to them: God, great in mercy to His people, sent many warnings but these warnings were rejected. Words in boxes are from the Bible. Konteks. Levites are appointed to supervise the founding of the temple, and the work progresses (3:8-10 ). A word list at the end explains words with a *star by them. The book of Ezra acknowledges that this moment of fulfillment was also a moment of loss. That pain is woven together with the joy of love that has been, and the hope of redemption to come. Read Ezra 1 online. And the LORD God of their fathers sent warnings to them by His messengers, rising up early and sending them, because He had compassion on His people and on His dwelling place. Why did he treat the people of Judah so favorably? Ezra 1:1-4; 3:1-4, 10-13 Commentary by Michael J. Chan. Teks -- Ezra 4:1 (TB) Tampilkan Strong. HYMNS From heaven above   ELW 268, H82 80, NCH 130 Awake, O sleeper, rise from death   ELW 452, H82 547, UMH 551, CHORAL Lift up your heads, O ye gates, William Mathias. The event related here is Jeremiah's Seventy Years Prophecy. Again, this was the same song sung at the dedication of Solomon’s temple (2 Chronicles 5:13). ... Scriptures: Ezra 1, Ezra 1:1-4, Ezra 7, Isaiah 44:24-45:6, Jeremiah 25:8-14, Jeremiah 29:1-14. A resource for the whole church from Luther Seminary. God of restoration, you brought your people home from exile and in their joy they rebuilt your temple. For Ezra, it is the fulfillment of prophecy, and in particular, the prophecy of Jeremiah: “In the first year of King Cyrus of Persia, in order that the word of the Lord by the mouth of Jeremiah might be accomplished, the Lord stirred up the spirit of King Cyrus of Persia … ” (Ezra 1:1). a. (Fun fact: Cyrus is the only foreigner in all of Scripture to be called “Messiah, Anointed One” by God [Isaiah 45:1].) Ezra 3:10-13 are some of the most poignant in all of Scripture. (Kidner) From heaven above   ELW 268, GG111, H82 80, NCH 130 Awake, O sleeper, rise from death   ELW 452, H82 547, UMH 551, Lift up your heads, O ye gates, William Mathias, Laney Graduate School at Emory University. God is superintending or managing events on this earth. But they mocked the messengers of God, despised His words, and scoffed at His prophets, until the wrath of the LORD arose against His people, till there was no remedy. v1 In the first year of the rule of Cyrus king of Persia, the *LORD spoke into the heart of Cyrus. For most of us, in this life, we exist never fully in one state or the other, the sounds of our joyful shouts can never be easily distinguished from the sounds of our weeping. Deliver us from our personal and communal exiles, and help us to build up your church. His policies were welcomed by the exiled Judeans, who, according to the first part of Ezra, were eager to return home, to restore their community, and to rebuild. According to the text, the returnees set up the altar “because they were in dread of the neighboring peoples” (Ezra 3:3). Ezra 1:1–4 End of the Babylonian Captivity 1 Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the Lord a by the mouth of Jeremiah might be fulfilled, the Lord stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, b so that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and also put it in writing, saying, Cyrus’ decree allowing Jews to return to their homeland and rebuild the temple is found not only in Ezra 1 but also in 2 Chronicles 36:22-23. On Advent 1, God spoke to Jeremiah in the midst of an embattled and besieged Jerusalem. Shortly thereafter, Cyrus issued a decree inviting the Jews in his kingdom to return to Jerusalem and rebuild the temple and, therefore, their life as God’s people (Ezra 1:1-4). Be careful not to over-simplify: democratization is too strong of a word, and we’re nowhere close to Martin Luther’s concept of the Priesthood of All Believers. Robert Bryce. Cyrus was the king of Persia (ancient Iran, roughly), and he arrived as conqueror in Babylon with a very different concept of empire. In this chapter we have, I. John Trapp Complete Commentary. The will of the emperor and the will of Yhwh are mysteriously intertwined: Yhwh hides behind the will, ambition, and power of Cyrus (cf. Those that are mentioned make no more than 2499, which Aben Ezra thinks were the larger vessels. The new temple, moreover, was to be under the patronage of a foreign ruler (Cyrus), not an autochthonous ruler like Solomon or David. But along with this rejoicing sounded another cry: a mournful cry from those who had seen the First Temple on its foundations. The story casts no judgment on those who mourn. [Hales]. "The greater part of this book, though it bears the name of Ezra, tells of the pioneers who came back from exile to Jerusalem a whole lifetime before him. This commentary has been through Advanced Checking.. The Jews in Ezra are trying to determine what it means to live into a new future that God is creating in their midst. II. More important than determining the precise prophecy is recognizing the theological assumptions made by the text, namely that the general shape of Israel’s history, despite its many vagaries, is determined primarily by Yhwh’s judgments and promises. Go home, loaded with blessings. Ezra 1:1-4 New International Version << 2 Chronicles 36 | Ezra 1 | Ezra 2 >> The Proclamation of Cyrus. By the time the people returned and built the altar in 536, the 70 years were almost expired. It is a story of ambiguous joy—and are not our lives? (For anyone starting any sort of significant transition in your congregation, this is one text you’re going to want to milk for all it’s worth.). Isaiah 45:1-7). Cyrus’ decree allowing Jews to return to their homeland and rebuild the temple is found not only in Ezra 1 but also in 2 Chronicles 36:22-23. For that matter, is that not the core of Advent itself? God governs the world by his influence on the spirits of men; whatever good they do, God stirs up … Ezra 7:6 tells us that Ezra was a scribe skilled in the law of Moses. As builders laid the foundation, the people raised a great and joyful shout. Study the bible online using commentary on Ezra 1 and more! The books of Ezra and Nehemiah, originally two parts of a single work, [1] narrate crucial aspects of this rebuilding story, beginning with the edict of Cyrus in 539 BC. In Ezra (8:15, 20, 24) “I” is referring to Ezra. But other concerns were also present. Ezr 1:1-6. Ezra 1:1-4 The Proclamation of Cyrus. But this general sum takes in great and small, as in (2 Chron. Ezra 1:4. They specify that the seventy years of exile were prophesied so that the land could enjoy its Sabbaths (36:21). Ezra 1:1-4; 3:1-4, 10-13 Commentary by Michael J. Chan Cyrus’ decree allowing Jews to return to their homeland and rebuild the temple is found not only in Ezra 1 but also in 2 Chronicles 36:22-23. The return of many thereupon . A. Derek Kidner, in his commentary, sets the historical stage well for us, identifying what is happening in the book of Ezra: It was a death to make way for a rebirth. Read commentary on this popular Bible verse and understand the real meaning behind God's Word using John Gill's Exposition of the Bible. What do we learn about Cyrus and his character from these verses? And when they do, Ezra 3:1 tells us that “the entire people assembled as one in Jerusalem.” In the books of Ezra and Nehemiah, the priestly office begins to bleed out towards the people, such that the congregation takes on a greater and more significant role in the worship of YHWH. Matthew Henry :: Commentary on Ezra 1 ← Back to Matthew Henry's Bio & Resources. "And all they that [were] about them strengthened their hands with vessels of silver, with gold, with … 1:1–3 pp— 2Ch 36:22–23. Finally, their dream had come true; finally, their hopes were realized; finally, the promises of God made in the times of Jeremiah and Isaiah were fulfilled. (Ezra 1:1-4 and Ezra 5:13-17). Issues related to governance, land ownership, religious observance, and the hope of redemption to come is very! Sounds of praise and shouting mingled with weeping from those who had seen the temple 538! Observance, and with mixed results and communal exiles, and help us build. 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