This means that they will not receive any negative consequences from getting this type of discharge. For those who separate or retire from the military after doing well during their time in service, they can expect an honorable discharge. Click Here to read more about the consequences and reasons for dishonorable discharge. While it may not come with jail or prison time, it is considered bad within the military and may be viewed similarly by potential employers. This is particularly true for federal employment, as potential employers will ask for their DD-214. She served 5 years as a Surface Warfare Officer, including 2 deployments onboard a Guided-Missile Destroyer and Aircraft Carrier. The term "Section 8" eventually came to mean any service member given such a discharge, or behaving as if deserving such a discharge, as in the expression, "he's a Section 8". OMK provides resources and content to young adults who are thinking about joining the US Armed Forces, but don’t know where to begin. It is the most serious type of administrative discharge. A dishonorable discharge is given in the most serious circumstances. Sometimes, a service member is able to appeal a discharge classification using a DD Form 293. Have questions about the various types of military discharges? A Chapter 13 discharge from the Army indicates that the soldier has been released from service due to unsatisfactory performance. ‘Other designated physical or mental conditions’ is a broad characterization. RE-2: Ineligible for reenlistment. An Other Than Honorable discharge is administrative in nature but does come with some restrictions on veteran’s benefits. To receive an honorable discharge, a service member has to fulfill the obligations set forward in their contract and met (or even exceeded) all of the qualification requirements they needed to meet. It also came to … through World War II, a psychiatric discharge; an other than honorable discharge for being mentally or emotionally unfit for military service. Military members should have all medical ailments accurately documented in their record, but especially so when the injury or illness results in their separation from military service. Most of the time, those receiving an OTH discharge are not able to rejoin the military in the future. Can I upgrade my discharge to something better? There are Two Forms of Military Discharge. The term Section 8 refers to a former category of discharge from the United States military, that of a member judged mentally unfit for service. See our advertising policy here. Section 8 (military) The term Section 8 refers to a category of discharge from the United States military when judged mentally unfit for service. Another type of military discharge you may hear about is what’s known as a General Discharge. [3], Discharge under Section 8 is no longer practiced, as medical discharges for psychological or psychiatric reasons are now covered by a number of regulations. Working with an experienced attorney may help, but the circumstances of the discharge are often upheld. A "Bad Conduct Discharge" constitutes a punitive discharge given to enlisted Marines by a general or special court-martial. Things such as medical and dental treatment, housing programs, and education benefits are all impacted by the type of discharge a veteran receives. Depending on their length of service, this can include retirement pay, GI bill benefits, medical and dental coverage, and home loan assistance. For example, they may think that, because you couldn’t conform to military procedures or life, that you may not conform to their business. OMK will be posting an article on medical separation in the military, and will post a link to that article here soon. It means that the recipient is ineligible from future military service and may not be able to take advantage of all veteran’s benefits, such as the GI Bill education benefits, depending on the circumstances. An entry-level separation happens when you’re not conforming to military norms, or adapting to military training programs. Enter your email address to subscribe to OMK and receive notifications of new posts by email. It must be done within 15 years of the discharge. Administrative Discharges. Is a Medical Discharge considered honorable? It is critical that all military members and their families know and understand the different types of military discharges. A mental condition that prevents the servicemember from performing his or her duties. A bad conduct discharge is the result of a crime that is taken to military trial. Learn more about the 8 types of military discharge here. Because most veteran’s benefits are available for those with general discharges, discharge resulting from a medical condition is not seen as punitive. By continuing to use this site you consent to the use of cookies on your device as described … This means that if a service member does something that warrants punishment under the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ) but does not break a civilian law. In the Army, such discharges are handled under the provisions of AR 635-200, Active Duty Enlisted Administrative Separations. The first 3 (Honorable, General, and Other Than Honorable) are administrative, even though they may be the result of some misstep on the part of the service member. V. Characterization of Service: Soldiers separated under Chapter 5-8 and 5-17 may receive an honorable or general discharge; however, no Soldier discharged under Chapter 5-8 or 5-17 will be awarded a general discharge unless the Soldier is notified of the specific factors in his service record that warrant such a characterization. 01: Any U.S. Armed Forces discharge based on military assessment of psychological unfitness or character traits deemed undesirable. Other designated physical or mental conditions, Decorations, medals, badges, citations, and campaign awards, Separation information (type of separation, character of service, authority and reason for separation, separation and reenlistment eligibility codes)—. In the cases of punitive discharges, such as bad conduct or dishonorable discharges, the service member may be required by law to disclose the fact that they were convicted of a felony or served time in prison. Unlike the other types of military discharge in this article, the ramifications of a medical separation differ wildly. When the medical condition is identified immediately following the service member’s entry to the military and is deemed a pre-existing condition, it is more likely that the member will receive a general discharge, with the exact reason specified. They include (but are not limited to): Factors that determine whether or not you’ll receive a medical separation include the ability to perform your job, stability of the disabling condition, years of active service (pre-existing conditions only), and rating percentage. Examples of crimes that warrant a dishonorable discharge include: A dishonorable discharge is given after a General Court-Martial. The following are a list of various types of military discharges: Honorable Discharge. The specific requirements laid out by the military are that the discharge is “inequitable or improper.”. Many potential employers, especially those in the federal government, will request a copy of the service member’s DD-214. Contact us: www.va.gov 1-800-827-1000 Benefits Assistance Service – March 2014 . These codes are subject to change, and the Department of Defense will no longer allow the military services to release the … An example of this would be a female soldier getting pregnant while serving in the military, and having to take care of the child following birth. Basically, a military discharge represents the end of one’s military career.An Honorable Discharge generally There are two types of Courts-Martial: a General Court-Martial and a Special Court-Martial. It is not punitive but does mean that some particular condition or circumstance warranted the member’s separation from the military. The last 3 (Entry-Level Separation, Medical Separation, and Separation for Convenience of the Govt.) 4, 1917, ch. A general discharge would not be considered bad, but it’s also not ideal. There are a number of conditions under which a veteran can leave the military, whether it is at the end of a long career or just a few years of service. Typically, Soldiers, Sailors, Airmen, and Marines that are diagnosed with any of the above will receive either an honorable or general discharge (although not always). Those receiving a bad conduct discharge are not able to use any veteran’s programs; this includes medical and dental benefits, VA housing programs, and the option to serve in the military in the future. A dishonorable discharge also comes with a loss of personal civilian rights, such as the right to own a firearm. SPN Codes were replaced by alpha-numeric separation codes … This could be due to inaccuracies in the report or unfair practices that resulted in the discharge. See some reasons why you might receive a Dishonorable Discharge here. Advertiser Disclosure: This site may be compensated through the advertiser affiliate program (at no cost to you). Military members who receive a bad conduct discharge are ineligible for GI Bill benefits, VA housing programs, and are unable to join any branch of the military in the future. Honorable Discharge from U.S. Navy : Form NAVPERS-661 Title : Certificate of Discharge, U.S. surrounding the incident(s) that led to the discharge, as reported by the military, as well as any supporting evidence furnished by the claimant or obtained from third parties. A bad conduct discharge, nicknamed a “big chicken dinner” in the military, is given following a Court-Martial, the military’s version of a trial. This type of military discharge is suitable for those that believe joining the military as a mistake, and want out. On Monday, two Army veterans filed a federal class-action lawsuit against the Army that seeks relief for the thousands of veterans of Iraq and Afghanistan who developed post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other mental health conditions during service and received unfair less-than-honorable discharges. The military has its own laws and regulations, all of which can be found in the UCMJ. Section VIII provided for the discharge of men who were deemed mentally unfit for military service.[2]. It’s so rare that we almost decided to not even include it! Section 8 discharges were often given to gay men, lesbians, bisexuals, cross-dressers, and transgender people, as they were deemed mentally unfit to serve in the military. 1st definition: A U.S. Army discharge based on military assessment of psychological unfitness or character traits deemed undesirable. Most of the veteran’s benefits are forfeited with a bad conduct discharge. Slang A soldier given such a discharge or behaving as if deserving such a discharge. Honorable Discharge You could either be retired from the military with full benefits and pension, or you could lose any and all privilege’s. Some even embrace full retirement. Military Separation Program Numbers (SPN Codes) define the reason a discharge or separation was granted. While a letter of reprimand, official counseling, or other minor infraction will rarely impact a service member’s career to the point of changing their discharge classification, it is still critical to strive for the exemplary record that merits an honorable discharge. Section Eight definition is - a discharge from the U.S. Army for military inaptitude or undesirable habits or traits of character; also : a soldier receiving such a discharge. Separation for Convenience of the Government: Is a very rare type of discharge, we’ll get into this in more detail below. The lawsuit contends that the Army r… Section Eight 2 It may include instances where the service member serves time in a civilian prison for an offense. Maybe it’s a new job, maybe it’s going back to school to pursue a degree, maybe it’s entrepreneurship. It is generally given when the service member has done something wrong and is punitive in nature. While there are many reasons why you could receive this type of discharge, the most common are the following: For ‘Involuntary separation due to parenthood’, it basically means that the serviceperson cannot complete their duties due to family responsibilities. A Section 8 discharge often made it difficult for people to find work in civilian life and did not allow veterans benefits. ‘Diagnosis of a personality disorder’ happens when a serviceperson develops a mental disorder while serving in the military. As mentioned earlier, an entry-level separation is really a neutral type of discharge. A general discharge may or may not mean that the service member did something wrong. This includes: rape, murder, going 'AWOL', and much more. The review boards mentioned above determine all of this. Marines who commit serious offenses, such as drug abuse, aggravated assault or grand theft, for which they serve time in a "brig," or military prison are issued the bad conduct discharge. A small-town Missouri native, Katie is a graduate of the United States Naval Academy with a degree in English. Think of someone that get’s booted from boot camp before graduation. With that said, the commanding officer of the persons unit can also initiate this process without the input of the person serving. This type of discharge means that the service member completed all of their requirements and did not get in any trouble with the Uniform Code of Military Justice, the military’s laws and policies. Required fields are marked *. [9], "Office of Medical History - Neuropsychiatry in WWII, Chapter 16", "Active Duty Enlisted Administrative Separations", LGBT+ people and the United States military, Transgender American Veterans Association, Conduct Unbecoming: Gays and Lesbians in the U.S. Military, Unfriendly Fire: How the Gay Ban Undermines the Military and Weakens America, Sexual orientation and gender identity in military service, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Section_8_(military)&oldid=989711137, Sexual orientation and gender identity in the United States military, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Section 8 became a household phrase when used in the 1970s TV series, This page was last edited on 20 November 2020, at 15:52. An honorable discharge will be given for proper military behavior and proficient performance of duty. She has a Master's Degree in Education from Johns Hopkins University. J. G. 3 As provided by section VIII, AR 615-360, the company or unit commander was responsible for initiating such administrative discharges, including the gathering of necessary evidence to support the action for discharge. The type of military discharge that they receive may impact what paths are open to a new veteran after their military service is over. A general discharge may or may not mean that the service member did something wrong. AFI 36-3208, Section 5.11 includes a discharge category of Conditions that Interfere with Military Service. The plaintiffs are represented by Yale Law School’s Veterans Legal Services Clinic. Essentially, it means that a serviceperson developed a physical or mental condition that is not technically characterized as a disorder. This includes the ability for family members to change the classification posthumously. Is an Other Than Honorable Discharge Considered bad? 180, 39 Stat. A Section 8 is a type of dishonorable discharge granted for sexual deviancy, and was normally used to discharge homosexuals from the military. Section 8 is a category of discharge from the United States military, used for a service member judged mentally unfit for service. A military discharge is the type of separation from the military that is awarded to the serviceman or servicewoman at the completion of their military service. It is important to review this document for accuracy prior to separating, as making changes later can be a tedious, drawn-out process. Should they face punitive action for misconduct at a Court-Martial, an experienced lawyer can help navigate the process. There are a number of conditions under which a veteran can leave the military, whether it is at the end of a long career or just a few years of service. During the process, the service member has the option to be represented by counsel or to represent themselves, either in person or through the written process. It would also not be considered “Honorable” or even “Under Honorable Conditions” (more on this below). A Section Eight is the worst kind of discharge--even worse than a dishonorable discharge--because this label stays with soldiers for the rest of their lives. Here are the answers to a few questions that are commonly asked about military discharges, circumstances that result in separation from the military, and how to read the related documents. There are a wide variety of conditions that can cause a medical separation. Your email address will not be published. The term Section 8 refers to a former discharge from the United States military for reason of being mentally unfit for service. It hasn't been used much since the U.S. military's "don't ask, don't tell" policy came into effect during the Clinton administration. A physical injury that prevents the servicemember from performing his or her duties. This distinction is most critical when the military member needs ongoing medical care as a result of their condition, such as mental health care or physical rehabilitation. However, there are some downsides to a general discharge. Chapter 5, paragraph 13 governs the separation of personnel medically diagnosed with a personality disorder. Related Article: Can You Join The Military With A Felony? It is the result of a serious crime, such as a felony, and is almost always awarded following military confinement. Historical and Revision Notes. How To Choose The Right Military Branch For You, Separation for Convenience of the Government, https://www.benefits.va.gov/benefits/character_of_discharge.asp, https://www.dd214.us/reference/how_to_upgrade_your_discharge.pdf, https://home.army.mil/knox/application/files/3515/6624/4721/Chapter_5.pdf, https://arba.army.pentagon.mil/documents/DDForm293.pdf, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Courts-martial_of_the_United_States, Attending the Naval Academy Preparatory School, general discharge under honorable conditions, Military Diet Review: My 7 Day Results On The 3 Day Diet, Failure to meet professional qualification requirements, and. An example of this would be someone in the Navy developing chronic seasickness, and unable to overcome this condition normally. A medical discharge is usually a type of general discharge, with the exact circumstances listed specifically on the service member’s DD-214. 1. Will my discharge classification show up on my DD-214? 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