Halyomorpha halys (Stål) (Insecta:Hemiptera;Pentatomidae), commonly known as the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (BMSB), is an invasive pest of the mid-Atlantic region of the United States, causing economically important damage to a wide range of crops. Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System. Contact a pest control professional to treat surrounding vegetation near your home’s foundation, which can harbor large populations of stink bugs, with products registered for residential outdoor uses. In areas where they are established, they can enter structures by the hundreds or thousands. For a list of high, moderate, and low risk crops, see the StopBMSB website. Brown marmorated stink bug. The Ministry for Primary Industries and industry groups have been working together to prepare for the increased risk. When the bug is handled roughly or crushed, the glands spew a … 1). In the United States, the highest concentrations of brown marmorated stink bugs occur in the mid-Atlantic region, and they have been identified in 38 states and the District of Columbia. See All Pest, Disease and Weed Identification, See All Beer, Hard Cider, and Distilled Spirits, See All Community Planning and Engagement, Common Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases in Pennsylvania, Yellowmargined Leaf Beetle Serious Pest in Pennsylvania. The brown marmorated stink bug feeds most commonly on the fruiting parts of plants, but it can also feed on leaves, stems, and even pierce through some tree bark. Feeding on tree fruits such as apple results in a characteristic distortion referred to as “cat facing," that renders the fruit unmarketable as a fresh product (Figs. Brown marmorated stink bug Halyomorpha halys (Stål). Managing this pest species is challenging because there are currently few effective pesticides that are labeled for use against them. The eyes are a deep red. Learn more about this insect and get management tips in Pioneer's insect and disease guide. As the weather turns cold in these countries and regions, the bugs look for places to overwinter. BMSB is also closely related to other, more common stink bugs and shares a similar shield-like shape with them. Brown marmorated stink bugs (BMSB) are a serious pest for agriculture and horticulture and can be a social nuisance. The brown marmorated stinkbug originates from Asia, where its numbers are kept in check by predators such as the samurai wasp, which lays its eggs inside the eggs of the stinkbug. 1) was accidentally introduced from east Asia (China, Japan, Korean) into eastern Pennsylvania and was first collected in Allentown in 1998, although it probably arrived several years earlier. 6). Aerosol and fogger type insecticides labeled for use against domestic stink bugs will kill these pests in living areas, but they will not prevent more of the insects from emerging from cracks after they dry. They do not bite people or pets and they are not known to transmit disease or cause physical harm. In addition to being a nuisance in homes, brown marmorated stink bugs are also problematic for businesses, especially businesses that ship products overseas. This species probably has a single generation per year in Pennsylvania, although warm spring and summer conditions may permit the development of two generations. Flight mills were used to examine flight capacity of H. halys in order to better understand its invasive characteristics. In order to identify the brown marmorated stink bug, bring it to the Daviess County Cooperative Extension Service Office. Brown marmorated stink bugs are part of an order of insects known as the true bugs. Pest-proofing the home is the best way to keep them out. One visual symptom of brown marmorated stink bug feeding in soybeans is referred to as the “stay green” effect, where injured soybean plants stay green later into the season while other plants in the field senesce as usual. It has since spread throughout most of eastern and western of North America and will likely be found continent wide within a few years (Fig. Why do we need this? We don't want them in New Zealand. In 2011, EPA approved an additional use for an insecticide that may help manage stink bugs in organic production systems. What do they do? While large infestations can be a nuisance, they do not bite people or animals, nor do they damage buildings. Brown Marmorated Stink Bug, Halyomorpha halys Stål (Insecta: Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) 3 Adults Adults of the brown marmorated stink bug are larger than those of most native stink bug species, ranging from 12 to 17 mm in length. Its abdominal edges and last two antennal segments have alternating broad light and dark bands. Spines are located on the femur, before each eye, and several on the lateral margins of the thorax (Fig. Dispose of empty containers right away, in a safe manner and place. If you suspect you have seen brown marmorated stink bugs, contact your State Department of Agriculture, University Diagnostic Laboratory or Cooperative Extension Service for further advice on effective treatment and control recommendations. The legs, head and thorax are black. Blog post: Prevent Stink Bugs from Overwintering in your School and Home. The brown marmorated stink bug can be a serious agricultural pest and has been observed feeding successfully on numerous fruit, vegetable, and field crops including apples, apricots, Asian pears, cherries, corn (field and sweet), grapes, lima beans, nectarines and peaches, peppers, tomatoes and soybeans. Brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys (Stål) is a highly destructive invasive pest of annual and perennial crops in the eastern United States and is an increasing threat to agriculture in the Pacific Northwest. The University of Georgia - Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. Brown marmorated stink bug feeds on a wide variety of host plants, including a variety of fruits (e.g., apples, stone fruits including peaches and apricots, figs, mulberries, citrus fruits and persimmons), crops (e.g., beans, corn, tomatoes and soybeans) and many ornamental plants and weeds. Hamilton G.C. Feeding in beans and okra may cause scarred, sunken areas and deformed pods, while feeding on fleshy fruit, such as tomatoes and peppers, can produce spongy areas and internal tissue damage. (0.16 cm), pale green and laid from June to August. The highest risk for BMSB contamination of goods is generally from October to December. Brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB) has a wide range of host plants. Although insecticidal dust treatments to these voids may kill hundreds of bugs, there is the possibility that carpet beetles will feed on the dead stink bugs and subsequently attack woolens, stored dry goods or other natural products in the home. It also When disturbed or squashed, the stink bugs release an unpleasant odor from scent glands on their abdomen. Exterior applications of insecticides may offer some minor relief from infestations when the task of completely sealing the exterior is difficult or impossible. Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Arthropoda > Class Insecta > Order Hemiptera > Family Pentatomidae > Genus Halyomorpha Description: Banded antennae rule out similar native stink bugs. Brown marmorated stink bug (Fig. For example, cars and other vehicles manufactured in areas of the United States where brown marmorated stink bugs are present must be fumigated or heated to temperatures over 122ºF for several hours before they are allowed into some international ports. They are “shield" shaped like other stink bugs, almost as wide as they are long. Latin name: Halyomorpha halys (Brown Marmorated stink bug), Chinavia hilaris (Green stink bug – pictured to right) Size: 1/2″ long Color(s): Brown with alternating dark and light bands on their abdomen, antennae and legs. Applications should be applied by a licensed pest control operator in the fall just prior to bug congregation. Keep it out. Similar to other stink bug species, all nymphs lack wings. Damaged screens on doors and windows should be repaired or replaced. Brown marmorated stink bug (Order Hemiptera: Family Pentatomidae) (BMSB) (Fig. The Brown Marmorated Stink Bug is a polyphagous feeder that attacks more than 170 different plant species including agricultural crops like vegetables, legumes and tree fruits. Introduction: Brown Marmorated Stink Bugs (BMSB) are an exotic insect pest from Asia that is causing great alarm in the agricultural industry. The adult brown marmorated stink bug is shield shaped with brown mottling. Adult brown marmorated stink bugs, like other pests, can enter homes through cracks and crevices. Rake away all debris and edible vegetation from your home’s foundation to keep from attracting pests. All … Brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB) overwinters as adults in a protective sleeplike state, emerges in the spring, and begins mating in about two weeks. Photo by Emily Stanley. The brown marmorated stink bug also feeds on leaves, and a characteristic symptom of leaf injury is stippled areas approximately 1/8 inch in diameter around feeding sites. The eggs hatch into small black and red nymphs that go through five molts. Halyomorpha halys (Stål), the brown marmorated stink bug, is a highly invasive insect species due in part to its exceptionally high levels of polyphagy. LEARN HOW TO STOP THE INVASIVE SPOTTED LANTERNFLY, Coronavirus: Information and resources for the Extension Community, Download PDF Save For Later Print Available in Spanish, Common name: Brown marmorated stink bugScientific name: Halyomorpha halys Stål, 1855Order: Hemiptera (true bugs)Family: Pentatomidae (stink bugs). Over 300 plant species in agricultural, horticultural, and natural settings are susceptible to attack. The brown marmorated stink bug is also a common urban pest, often a a nuisance to homeowners in the fall while seeking protected locations for overwintering. Synonym(s): Class: Insecta Order: Hemiptera Family: Pentatomidae . Invasive species The brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB), Halyomorpha halys Stål is native to eastern Asia. Activity. Unfortunately, because insecticides are broken down by sunlight, the residual effect of the material will be greatly decreased and may not kill the insects much beyond several days or a week. Also, traps made using a metal pan filled with soapy water and a light source are attractive to stink bugs, but additional tactics must be used for complete control of brown marmorated stink bugs. Protuberances are found before each of the abdominal scent glands on the dorsal surface. The brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB) was first collected in September of 1998 in Allentown, but probably arrived several years earlier. To identify this species accurately, examine its antennae for alternating bands of light and dark on the last two segments. To protect against this pest, mandatory fumigation is required for high risk goods shipped now through April 30, 2021 (New Zealand), or May 31, 2021 (Australia). It is not advisable to use an insecticide inside after the insects have gained access to the wall voids or attic areas. To identify this species accurately, examine its antennae for alternating bands of light and dark on the last two segments. They are attached, side-by-side, to the underside of leaves in masses of 20 to 30 eggs. Handle carefully and store in original labeled containers out of the reach of children, pets, and livestock. It is round like a ladybug, and red and black. Newly hatched nymphs have dark red eyes and the abdomen is yellowish, mottled with black and red. There are various stink bug species that live in the U.S., from brown marmorated stink bugs to harlequin bugs, and these pictures will help you identify them. American Entomologist 55(1): 19-20. Additionally, stink bug infestations in field crops are usually characterized by an “edge effect”, where stink bugs infest plants mostly in the first 30 to 40 feet from the edge of a field. Contact Us to ask a question, provide feedback, or report a problem. Brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB) is an invasive bug that is a serious pest of fruit, vegetable, and other crops. With few natural predators in North America, BMSB has spread quickly. The Brown Marmorated Stink Bug is a polyphagous feeder that attacks more than 170 different plant species including agricultural crops like vegetables, legumes and tree fruits. Pesticides are poisonous. In field crops, damage caused by brown marmorated stink bug is not usually evident immediately upon visual inspection. Figure 2. Adult brown marmorated stink bug. They have patches of coppery or bluish-metallic colored puntures (small rounded depressions) on the head and pronotum. When they're disturbed they release a foul-smelling liquid which can make your house hard to live in. Both live and dead stink bugs can be removed from interior areas with the aid of a vacuum cleaner - however, the vacuum may acquire the smell of stink bugs for a period of time. To distinguish them from other stink bugs, look for lighter bands on the antennae and darker bands on the membranous, overlapping part at the rear of the front pair of wings. Photo: iStock. The cost of these measures, which are intended to prevent introductions of brown marmorated stink bugs to new countries, can be significant. It was introduced into the United States in the early 1990s, where Adults are a blotchy brown color, with alternating light and dark markings along the edges of the abdomen. It is between 14 and 17 mm long, roughly the size of a U.S. dime. If numerous bugs are entering the living areas of the home, attempt to locate the openings where the insects gain access. The brown marmorated stink bug (Halyomorpha halys) or BMSB is native to Eastern Asia, mainly China, Korea, Japan, and Taiwan.The first report of this species in the United States occurred in Pennsylvania in 2001, although it is likely to have established as early as 1996. If established in New Zealand it could decimate our fruit and vegetable industries. Although aerosol-type pyrethrum foggers will kill stink bugs that have amassed on ceilings and walls in living areas, it will not prevent more of the insects from emerging shortly after the room is aerated. Brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB) is an invasive bug that is a serious pest of fruit, vegetable, and other crops. Adults are approximately 17 mm (0.66 in) long and are shades of brown on both the upper and lower body surfaces (Fig. Stink bug feeding in soybeans is similar to corn, where the bugs pierce the pods and suck juices out of the seeds. Scientific name: Halyomorpha halys Stål, 1855 Order: Hemiptera (true bugs) Family: Pentatomidae (stink bugs) Summary Brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB) is an invasive bug that is a serious pest of fruit, vegetable, and other crops. Brown marmorated stink bug is a serious horticultural pest in the United States and is also starting to spread through Canada and parts of Europe. It also becomes a nuisance pest of homes as it is attracted to the outside of houses on warm fall days in search of protected, overwintering sites and can enter houses in large numbers. The species is native to Asia and was introduced into the United States in the mid-1990s, possibly stowing away in a shipping container. It also Adults are speckled brown-gray with a white band on its antennae (fig. It has caused significant agricultural losses in recent years along the Atlantic seaboard of North America and in continental Europe. In 2001 it was officially identified in Pennsylvania, and has since spread along the eastern seaboard and westward into the Great Lakes region. Records: ... A Brown Marmorated Stink Bug falls prey to a Bold Jumper at Jemicy School in Baltimore Co., Maryland (10/2011). An official website of the United States government. 3). Both nymphs and adults feed off of tree leaves and hanging fruit. All true bugs have needle-like mouthparts on their head and they uses these to siphon out fluids for food. 2017. Read and follow directions and safety precautions on labels. The brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys, is native to Asia. Collaborating with the U.S. Department of Agriculture, state pesticide agencies, various federal research agencies, universities, industry and growers to develop a sustainable pest management solution. Holtz T., Kamminga K. (2010) Qualitative analysis of the pest risk potential of the brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB), Halyomorpha halys (Stål), in the United States. 4, 5). Physical damage to fruit includes pitting and scarring, sometimes leading to a mealy texture. Feeding injury on corn ears may increase potential for ear molds and can impact grain quality. Participating in the brown marmorated stink bug work group. A few simple tips to help keep them from entering homes are: Both live and dead brown marmorated stink bugs can be removed from interior areas by using a vacuum cleaner; however, the vacuum may smell of stink bugs for a period of time. However, while farmers in other regions of the country are concerned about the presence of the brown marmorated stink bug, they are currently not a significant agricultural pest in most areas outside of the mid-Atlantic region. 2). The brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys, is an invasive pest that is present throughout much of the United States. 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