These findings suggest dietary alterations may have a more significant effect on childhood obesity as compared to physical activity in isolation. Reducing overweight through a multidisciplinary school‐based intervention. This article provides a step-by-step approach to conducting and reporting systematic literature reviews (SLRs) in the domain of healthcare design and discusses some of the key quality issues associated with SLRs. Pate, R.R., Davis, M.G., Robinson, T.N., Stone, E.J., McKenzie, T.L. This paper provides a systematic literature review, assessing the effectiveness of a variety of school-based interventions in relation to bringing about the reduction and prevention of childhood obesity. More about Example Of Systematic Review. Nutritional education for 6 months and increased physical activity during this period has been shown to increase physical fitness and reduce BMI especially in boys (Kain et al, 2004). summarise the topic area and say why a systematic review was necessary – for example, was there disagreement in the literature, were there gaps in common knowledge that might actually be filled by a thorough summary of the literature, was the size of the effect of a treatment unclear, or was the Childhood obesity is a rising public health concern. CMAJ open, 3(1), p.E23. Body and Wang, J., 2008. Zahner, L., Puder, J.J., Roth, R., Schmid, M., Guldimann, R., Pühse, U., Knöpfli, M., Braun-Fahrländer, C., Marti, B. and Kriemler, S., 2006. Foster, G.D., Sherman, S., Borradaile, K.E., Grundy, K.M., Vander Veur, S.S., Nachmani, J., Karpyn, A., Kumanyika, S. and Shults, J., 2008. Childhood obesity is a cause of major public health concern. The prevalence of overweight was also found to be lower in schools where this intervention was instituted. Within a review context it refers to a combination of review approaches for example combining quantitative with qualitative research or outcome with process studies. The review paper by Wynstra (2010) provides practi- cal examples of categories for the data extraction form that are relevant to this review. Over the last twenty years, worldwide prevalence of obesity amongst children has been steadily on the rise (Ebbeling, Pawlak and Ludwig, 2002). The first study is a survey from the job evaluation handbook. Introduction. A systematic review can be divided into clear, logically distinct stages: Formulating the research question Devising the research protocol Carrying out the literature search Extracting the data Appraising the quality Data analysis Results Conclusion The first step is to formulate a research question. The statistical information related to the systematic review has been provided within the Personal Survey, Secondary Research, previous studies in the literature review, and the appendix. A multi-disciplinary school-based intervention dubbed ‘Wellness, Academics and You’ which was carried out in 4 States and encouraged physical activity as well as consumption of fruits and vegetables, reported a statistically significant drop in BMI in the intervention group (Spiegel and Foulk, 2006). Systematic Review Essay examples 1160 Words | 5 Pages; Rationale For Considering Values And Preferences 1447 Words | 6 Pages; Systematic Review On Non Communicable Disease 1098 Words | 5 Pages; Organizational Factors Associated With Collaboration Within Fortune 500 Firms Essay 951 Words | 4 Pages What Is Systematic Literature Review Information Technology Essay. The researchers found that there was a 50% reduction in the incidence of obesity in the study population (Foster et al, 2008). Combinations of factors thought to positively influence weight reduction have also been investigated. Circulation, 114(11), pp.1214-1224. The Impact Of Telemedicine On Health, A Systematic Literature Review 1530 Words | 7 Pages. Carrel, A.L., Clark, R.R., Peterson, S.E., Nemeth, B.A., Sullivan, J. and Allen, D.B., 2005. Childhood obesity is a rising public health concern. International journal of obesity, 28(4), p.483. Spiegel, S.A. and Foulk, D., 2006. The systematic literature review is a method/process/protocol in which a body of literature is aggregated, reviewed and assessed while utilizing pre-specified and standardized techniques. Effects of a school-based obesity-prevention intervention on menarche (United States). Freedman, D.S., Khan, L.K., Dietz, W.H., Srinivasan, S.R. •Understand the importance of systematic reviews in research • Distinguish between a narrative review & a systematic review • Identify the steps involved in selecting members for a systematic review team • Outline the steps in developing the systematic review protocol Class Objectives • Describe the steps for conducting the literature search %PDF-1.5 %���� In this paper, I adapt Fink’s (2005) definition of a research literature review as my operative definition of a systematic literature review: “a systematic, explicit, [comprehensive,] and reproducible method for identifying, evaluating, and synthesizing the existing body of completed and recorded work produced by SLR, as the name implies, is a systematic way of collecting, critically evaluating, int … Systematic Review Paper Name of Institution Date Systematic Review Paper The article, “The systematic review of literature: Synthesizing evidence for practice” by Lynn Rew is aimed at describing the process of conducting a systematic review of literature to help nursing practitioners in making research findings that are clinically sound and methodologically sound… It generally follows a discussion of the paper’s thesis . Obesity, 14(1), pp.88-96. 229 0 obj <> endobj Over several years, studies have linked childhood obesity to premature occurrence of illnesses, a wide range of health complications and eventual death. Having a clear understanding of what is a review of the literature and what its main objectives are is important. Acommon type of submission at any Journal is a review of the published information related to a topic.These are often returned to their authors without review, usually because they are literature reviews rather than systematic reviews. However, it is only 50% of success. [Note the Format of the Citation: Author Names (Year) "Paper Title," Journal Title, Volume(Number) (Month): page numbers. Relationship of childhood obesity to coronary heart disease risk factors in adulthood: the Bogalusa Heart Study. and Ludwig, D.S., 2002. Comparison of a traditional systematic review approach with review-of-reviews and semi-automation as strategies to update the evidence. PEDIATRICS-SPRINGFIELD-, 108(3), pp.712-718. Learn to read and write systematic reviews: The Belgian Campbell Group Let experts write your Systematic Literature Review paper for you! A policy-based school intervention to prevent overweight and obesity. and Ludwig, D.S., 2002. References and Berenson, G.S., 2001. How to read a systematic review and meta-analysis and apply the results to patient care: users' guides to the medical literature. Ebbeling, C.B., Pawlak, D.B. This article provides a step-by-step approach to conducting and reporting systematic literature reviews (SLRs) in the domain of healthcare design and discusses some of the key quality issues associated with SLRs. Childhood obesity: public-health crisis, common sense cure. Childhood obesity: a review of increased risk for physical and psychological comorbidities. Promoting physical activity in children and youth: a leadership role for schools: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism (Physical Activity Committee) in collaboration with the Councils on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young and Cardiovascular Nursing. BMC public health, 6(1), p.147. and Raina, P., 2015. Pulgaron, E.R., 2013. A school-based physical activity program to improve health and fitness in children aged 6–13 years (” Kinder-Sportstudie KISS”): study design of a randomized controlled trial [ISRCTN15360785]. Childhood obesity predisposes the affected individuals to morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular disease, as a result of lipid level derangements, blood pressure derangements, insulin derangements and coronary heart disease (Freedman et al, 2001). Writing a systematic review and meta-analysis may help define a researcher’s area of interest, as such reviews get published in high impact journal and gets a substantial number of citations; Steps to planning a systematic review and meta-analysis. Foster, G.D., Sherman, S., Borradaile, K.E., Grundy, K.M., Vander Veur, S.S., Nachmani, J., Karpyn, A., Kumanyika, S. and Shults, J., 2008. Journal of School Health, 78(4), pp.189-196. This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service. To do this, you must strictly follow several rules for creating a quality example of a systematic review. Multi-disciplinary SLRs beyond the field of business and management: For; example: Biology and management: A review, critique, and research agenda (Nofal et al., 2018). Effects of a school-based obesity-prevention intervention on menarche (United States). This study assessed the effect of this intervention over a 2-year period, and considered the incidence of obesity a primary outcome, deeming the prevalence & remission of obesity, Body Mass Index, hours of activity and inactivity, body dissatisfaction, fruit and vegetable intake, total fat and energy intake as secondary outcomes (Foster et al, 2008). Childhood obesity: a review of increased risk for physical and psychological comorbidities. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW Systematic review is an overview of primary studies, which contains a statement of objectives, materials and methods, and has been conducted according to explicit, transparent and reproducible methods5. Example of a Literature Review Conclusion. Literature Review Sample Paper. The impact of a School Nutrition Policy initiative consisting of multiple components (parent outreach, social marketing, nutritional policy, nutritional education and school self-assessment) was assessed on 1349 students between fourth and sixth grade, drawn from 10 schools in the United States (Foster et al, 2008). and Gortmaker, S.L., 2005. Improvement of fitness, body composition, and insulin sensitivity in overweight children in a school-based exercise program: a randomized, controlled study. Peirson, L., Fitzpatrick-Lewis, D., Morrison, K., Ciliska, D., Kenny, M., Ali, M.U. Sample Literature Review of One Paper Literature Review Student's Name Paper Citation: Johnson, William R. and Jonathan Skinner (1986) “Labor Supply and Martial Separation,” The American Economic Review, 76(3) (June): 455-469. CMAJ open, 3(1), p.E23. Dietary changes such as implementation of healthy food choices in schools and discouraging consumption of fast-food by students has been recommended as an intervention for weight reduction programmes involving high-school students (Beaulieu and Godin, 2012). Obesity, 14(1), pp.88-96. The significance of such benefits cannot be under-emphasized or overlooked. Are you an instructor who has received an exemplary literature review and have permission from the student to post? Circulation, 114(11), pp.1214-1224. A policy-based school intervention to prevent overweight and obesity. SLR, as the name implies, is a systematic way of collecting, critically evaluating, int … The remaining 50% depends on your ability to identify and stick to the proper literature review structure. Promoting physical activity in children and youth: a leadership role for schools: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism (Physical Activity Committee) in collaboration with the Councils on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young and Cardiovascular Nursing. Pediatrics, 121(4), pp.e794-e802. Systematic Review Essay examples 1160 Words | 5 Pages. 2010;376(9734):20-1. This sample of a Literature Review should serve as a useful guide to help you get started. Cancer Causes & Control, 16(10), pp.1245-1252. 248 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<7CFBAF706A10D648B52384B8ADE05B9B><963FC2F4FD5BCA4D8A4682D745D400E6>]/Index[229 39]/Info 228 0 R/Length 100/Prev 339739/Root 230 0 R/Size 268/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream Here is an example of a literature review conclusion: "The objective of this review was to view the trends in composition studies within the past fifty years and see how commentary on student writing has transformed and is still transforming. This stage forms part of a larger stage of devising the research protocol. et al. Pulgaron, E.R., 2013. Since majority of children are individuals of school-going age, the school appears to provide an appropriate avenue through which interventions may be instituted, and involves a large number of children from diverse backgrounds (Zahner et al, 2006). Pediatrics, 120(4), pp.e1059-e1068. The lancet, 360(9331), pp.473-482. School‐based obesity interventions: a literature review. Promoting physical activity in middle school girls: Trial of Activity for Adolescent Girls. Words: 2159 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 99622857. systematic literature review addresses the topic of what parents need to know and can do to enhance the developmental outcomes of their very low birth weight babies, following discharge from the neonatal intensive care unit. Hello, I would appreciate any example of phd thesis that was based solely or mainly on systematic literature review, or qualitative (content) analysis of secondary data (e.g. A systematic literature review is often the first and essential step in the research process. Systematic reviews are regarded as the best source of research evidence. endstream endobj startxref A systematic literature review attempts ‘to identify, appraise and synthesize all the empirical evidence that meets pre-specified eligibility criteria to answer a … Childhood obesity has also been associated with psychological co-morbidities, including sleep disorders, attention deficit hyper-activity disorder (ADHD) and internalizing & externalizing disorders (Pulgaron 2013). International journal of obesity, 28(4), p.483. Clinical therapeutics, 35(1), pp.A18-A32. Chavarro, J.E., Peterson, K.E., Sobol, A.M., Wiecha, J.L. Prevention of overweight and obesity in children and youth: a systematic review and meta-analysis. The question should be clearly focussed, neither too narrow nor too broad. Systematic reviews are regarded as the best source of research evidence. A systematic review is a rigorous review of existing literature that addresses a clearly formulated question. Just like it is for the traditional literature reviews, the goal is to identify, critically appraise, and summarize the existing evidence concerning a cle… These interventions have generally been shown to have statistically significant positive outcomes on the reduction of childhood obesity, and should therefore be continually improved to achieve even better outcomes. It's clear from the research reviewed that evaluative commentary is widely practiced all through … *This sample paper was adapted by the Writing Center from Key, K.L., Rich, C., DeCristofaro, C., Collins, S. (2010). The most common medical co-morbidities associated with childhood obesity include asthma, dental health issues and metabolic risk factors (Pulgaron 2013). A combination of school-based interventions has been shown to be more effective than interventions employing one component in isolation. American journal of preventive medicine, 34(3), pp.173-184. h�b```��,@(� This article aims to guide you on the different kinds of systematic review, the standard procedures to be followed, and the best approach to conducting and writing a systematic review. ... insert citations in a predetermined format in your report or paper as you write Public health nutrition, 15(12), pp.2310-2319. For reviewing the Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management’s publi- cations of the years 1994 to 2009 he developed an … Lancet. Prevention of overweight and obesity in children and youth: a systematic review and meta-analysis. School-based obesity prevention in Chilean primary school children: methodology and evaluation of a controlled study. Beaulieu, D. and Godin, G., 2012. Pediatrics, 120(4), pp.e1059-e1068. 0 The three components to a successful systematic review and meta-analysis writing are: Healthy Buddies: a novel, peer-led health promotion program for the prevention of obesity and eating disorders in children in elementary school. ... website provides excellent resources including a checklist and an example of a flow diagram. 267 0 obj <>stream The distinction between a systematic literature review and a literature review can often be confusing. Systematic Review is a type of literature review that is focused on a particular research question. Chavarro, J.E., Peterson, K.E., Sobol, A.M., Wiecha, J.L. A health promotion program imparting education on healthy body image, physical activity and nutrition to students between 4th and 7th grade realized less weight gain and systolic blood pressure levels in the intervention group as compared to the control group (Stock et al, 2007). Relationship of childhood obesity to coronary heart disease risk factors in adulthood: the Bogalusa Heart Study. Ebbeling, C.B., Pawlak, D.B. Archives of pediatrics & adolescent medicine, 159(10), pp.963-968. Systematic review methodology is well developed for trials, 7, 8 but the debate about systematic approaches to reviewing non-experimental research is in its early stages, 9, 10 with a small but growing body of methodological work on the synthesis of qualitative research. documents). View Webber, L.S., Catellier, D.J., Lytle, L.A., Murray, D.M., Pratt, C.A., Young, D.R., Elder, J.P., Lohman, T.G., Stevens, J., Jobe, J.B. and Pate, R.R., 2008. Conclusion and Wang, J., 2008. When creating a systematic review, it is necessary to remember the main goal - to give a concise but extremely reliable and relevant view of a narrow problem, to help colleagues orient in the current trends on this topic. 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